Prohormones are the most powerful muscle builders around. They are highly varied and very complex and there is a general lack of knowledge surrounding them. In this in-depth article, we provide a comprehensive guide to these powerful compounds.
Prohormones are compounds which are converted via an enzymatic process to anabolic hormones in the body. As such they will cause similar effects in the body to anabolic steroids, inducing rapid muscle and strength gains, but of a lesser magnitude than anabolic steroids, due to the rate limiting effect caused by the enzyme conversion. However, this technical definition is nowadays considered out of date due to the innovation displayed in the supplement industry since the introduction of the very first prohormone, androstenedione. Today the term 'prohormones' is used to cover not just precursors to steroid hormones but also covers compounds which are active in their own right and which require no conversion to a different hormone to engender any anabolic effects. For the sake of simplicity, in this article the term 'prohormone' will cover all products which work via a hormonal mechanism to cause anabolic effects, and not just those which convert from one compound into another after ingestion.
Prohormones were introduced on to the supplement world in 1996 by renowned US chemist Patrick Arnold who developed the supplement androstenedione and unleashed it on an unsuspecting public. Androstenedione certainly created a buzz in the sports world and is heavily linked in the popular press with baseball greats such as Mark McGwire whose use of the supplement was brought to light as he chased the baseball home run record in 1998. In breaking the record that year McGwire brought notoriety both to that sport and captured the attention of law makers in the United States. Androstenedione was quickly followed by a number of other supplements like 4-Androstenediol (featured in Fusion Supplements Androtest) 19-Norandrostenediol (recently reintroduced in Fusion Supplements Decalone) 1-4-androstadienedione and 5 alpha androstenediol to name just a few. These all had different effects, some being converted to testosterone in the body, while others were converted in the body to anabolic hormones such as nandrolone, boldenone, and dihydrotestosterone (DHT). After some time, Patrick Arnold's company Ergopharm introduced the prohormone 1-AD, which converted into a hormone called 1-testosterone (Fusion Supplements Nano 1T, is the only 1-testosterone based product available today). 1-AD was the first prohormone considered to be of comparable effectiveness to illegal steroids such as Winstrol or Primobolan. In fact at the time of its introduction much was made of the fact that it was qualitatively similar to the steroid Trenbolone Acetate. With the introduction of 1-AD, prohormones had clearly progressed in leaps and bounds since the introduction of androstenedione (widely considered within bodybuilding to be pretty worthless by that time). With the introduction of 1-AD, the prohormone market changed dramatically. A number of supplement companies, aware that the process of enzymatic conversion meant that prohormones were weaker than taking an equivalent amount of the target hormone they converted into, decided to market products such as 1-testosterone (the hormone which 1-AD would convert to) and, eventually, the now notorious methyl-1-testosterone (M1T), which was a 17-alpha alkylated or methylated hormone. In simple terms, 17-Alpha Alkylation/Methylation meant that M1T was highly resistant to breakdown by the liver, making it the most powerful product on the market, causing rapid strength and muscle gains even for long-time steroid users, as well as causing a host of disastrous side effects such as high blood pressure, and dangerous elevation of liver enzymes.
End of an Era
Many in the supplement industry, Arnold among them, argued that the proliferation of powerful products such as M1T would eventually result in negative publicity to attach itself to the supplement industry as a whole and considered it madness that such products had been introduced on to the supplement market. These doomsayers were proven right and eventually the US congress passed into law the Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 2004 which effectively classed all the prohormones then on the market as illegal drugs on a par with anabolic steroids. By early 2005 they had been removed from the market in the United States.
A rundown of the actions of individual prohormone products follows so this section shall only cover actions attributable to all classes of prohormone products. This in itself could be an article in its own right so here is the shortened version. Prohormones exert their effects through several different pathways, but the ones that are most important to people considering using them are their actions via their effects on the body's androgenic, estrogenic and progestogenic receptors. It is through these receptors that prohormone effects are largely mediated, with other pathways of secondary importance. Prohormones, just like anabolic steroids, are androgen agonists meaning they work via their effect on the androgen receptor. A strong androgen receptor agonist will mean effects related to the male hormone testosterone will be particularly prominent. These include increased aggression, sex drive, alpha male type characteristics in general, as well as heightened risk of side effects related to high androgen levels such as an increased susceptibility to hair loss and acne, although these side effects are very much individual in nature and will depend on the person taking them. They tend to only be an issue for those already susceptible to these conditions. Linked to these androgenic effects is the propensity for prohormones to induce sizeable increases in muscle strength, large muscle gains, and a hardening effect on the muscles, such that muscles feel denser and more solid. Prohormones that do not convert to estrogen such as RPN's Havoc tend to exhibit these types of muscle gains with no water retention.
Away from their effects on androgen receptors, prohormones can also cause effects via estrogen and progesterone receptors. These effects tend to be quite similar in nature. Prohormones that convert to estrogen and progesterone have the ability to cause large increases in mass and strength although much of the mass is of a poor quality visually and such gains often disappear rapidly being associated with water retention more than anything else. Estrogenic side effects are feared by most bodybuilders and include increased water weight, increased susceptibility to fat gain in the presence of high estrogen and worst of all, from a cosmetic standpoint at least, the dreaded gynecomastia. It should be stated that while there are some products which are almost exclusively androgenic in nature with little to no risk of estrogenic/progestogenic side effects (such as Havoc), the reverse is not true, in that compounds with high affinity for estrogen and progesterone receptors will still have an impact on the androgen receptor. You will often hear of prohormones being called androgenic or estrogenic or even both, but it should be stated this is often based on their primary method of action and that all will have an androgenic effect at some level, as they all primarily work via their effect on the androgen receptor.
Separate from their effects via androgen, estrogen, and progesterone receptors, prohormones will also differ in their impact on other body systems. Typically, strong androgens are useful for promoting strength gains via the central nervous system (CNS) stimulation, independent of their anabolic or muscle building effects. A strong androgen would often be something similar in nature to Dihydrotestosterone. Furthermore, prohormones will promote enhanced red blood cell production which is why users of prohormones usually experience great pumps and vascularity. Generally speaking, liver toxicity is a concern only for methylated, oral compounds, which is most prohormones nowadays but even then, as the list below shows, they can differ by a wide degree in magnitude of effect.
The Prohormones Today
Since the removal of the first generation of prohormones in 2005, various supplement companies have worked hard on creating products which can provide a sizeable anabolic effect while complying with the requirements of the 2004 law. One of the most important considerations was to ensure that not only did they manufacture a product that was effective and legal, but also safe, as the wave of methylated prohormones released in the wake of M1T were certainly of doubtful safety given their widely noted negative effects on a range of body tissues, most notably liver values. As a result of the innovations in the industry since 2005, we now have a number of products on the market which have been around for some time and in favour with bodybuilders and athletes alike. To make things easy we will refer to the compounds by their brand names:Androtest 4-AD is considered to be one of the most effective and popular prohormones on the market. Androtest uses 4-Androstenediol as a base compound but using a delivery system of a cyclodextrin which increases its effectiveness compared to the old 4-androstenediol products of the early 2000’s. Androtest is not methylated which makes it non-toxic for the liver unlike methylated prohormones. Androtest converts directly into testosterone so that for those AAS users who do not like the idea of injecting testosterone, Androtest offers an oral alternative. Based on user feedback to date we would estimate that 5-6 caps a day is equivalent in potency to around 500-600mg of testosterone enanthate per week. Effects:
Androtest converts directly to testosterone in the body and thus delivers rapid muscle mass gains and strength increase. The cyclodextrin delivery system ensures optimal absorption and utilisation of 4-AD as well as makes it stackable with other prohormones for even greater muscle and strength gains.Side Effects:
Androtest is a prohoromone intended to give you great results with very little side effects (if any at all). Since it converts directly to testosterone, it may aromatize, so keeping an estrogen blocker on the side might be a good idea.Dosage:
Androtest is usually dosed at between 3-6 capsules a day.
Decalone is ideal for users looking for lean body mass gains that albeit there will be some degree of water weight. This actually makes it perfect for those looking to bulk especially when used in conjunction with a more androgenic product like Androtest or Nanodrol. Decalone is also notably effective for reducing joint pain and for increasing vascularity, appetite and muscle endurance.Side Effects:
The only real concerns with this prohormone is the potential for water retention, along with an adverse effect on libido (which can be eliminated if used with Androtest). In addition, users should be aware that nandrolone can cause a degree of progesterone mediated side effects with gynecomastia being the main worry. As such, we do not recommend this if you have pre-existing gyno symptoms and as a precaution, we’d advise stacking with an aromatase inhibitor such as Arimistane.Dosage:
Decalone is usually dosed at 3 capsules a day with higher doses being feasible for more advanced users.
Nano 1T is the compound of choice for users seeking lean and dry muscle growth with a total absence of water retention. With it being such a strong anabolic, Nano 1T further shines by being neither hepatotoxic nor converting to either DHT or estrogen. When you compare it to any other prohormone out there, nothing else manages to combine the anabolic effects of Nano 1T while also being free of DHT, estrogen and liver issues.Side Effects:
The most commonly reported issue with Nano 1T is a terrible taste but this is easily remedied by mixing it into a drink. Leaving that aside, the other thing to be aware of is that by reducing estrogen to practically zero Nano 1T has got the potential to cause lethargy and a lower libido in some users especially when you consider that use of Nano 1T will also cause natural test levels to drop during a cycle (as will any prohormone). However, these side effects tend to disappear entirely when testosterone is introduced which is why a stack of Nano 1T and Androtest is considered nigh on perfect from a standpoint of gains and minimal sides. While it does not cause liver stress, Nano 1T, much like any other androgen can lead to negative effects such as elevated blood pressure and lipid levels making an on cycle support product such as Organ Shield or Cycle Support a good choice for those worried about general health.Dosage:
Being nanoparticulated, Nano 1T is more potent than the 1-testosterone products produced in the early 2000’s with dosing of 1ml a day in divided doses suitable for most.
Being both highly anabolic and low in androgenicity, Methdrol combines these benefits with a complete lack of aromatisation meaning users of Methdrol will not experience estrogen related side effects. Methasterone is noted to deliver rapid increases in muscle protein synthesis and strength gains alongside with improving body composition. Often compared to Havoc, most users will generally agree that methasterone is a more potent compound able to deliver greater gains and better suited for prohormone users who prefer to employ very short cycles of 2-3 weeks.Side Effects:
The main downside for users of this compound is its reputation for elevating liver enzymes, a consequence of it being methylated. In addition, it has a tendency to cause lower back pumps that means it is a good idea to use a blood pressure lowering supplement when running it.Dosage:
Methdrol contains 10mg per capsule and users have seen benefits from as little as 20mg a day with a maximum dose of 40mg. Unlike Androtest, Decalone and Nano 1T, because Methdrol is methylated, higher doses should not be taken and a user seeking additional gains ought to instead combine Methdrol with a non-methylated mass builder./p>
Trenadrol users can expect rapid gains in lean mass with a tendency for minimal water retention. A notable strength booster, Trenadrol is also known for its ability to increase thermogenesis thereby contributing to improved body composition. Trenadrol is not methylated making it ideal for those worried about an adverse impact on liver function. It also does not convert to estrogen.Side Effects:
The most common complaint with this compound tends to be its tendency to increase body warmth such that night sweats are not uncommon among Trenadrol users. Aside from that, and in common with trenbolone, Dienedione appears to cause some people progesterone related side effects such as a lower libido or gyno. In the case of the former, a sensible way to combat it would be concomitant use of Androtest.Dosage:
Doses for Trenadrol tend to vary considerably from as little as 1 capsule a day if it is part of a stack with another prohormone, to as many as 4-5 capsules a day for advanced users running it by itself.
Being more anabolic than it is androgenic, Nanobol is often selected by users seeking a lean mass builder which is less likely to cause androgenic side effects like hair loss or acne. Compared to halodrol, users of Nanobol can expect similar or greater muscle gain and a relatively positive effect on mood and libido. Nanobol does not convert to estrogen which means gains in lean mass are drier and result in a denser, more defined physique.Side Effects:
Being methylated, users of Nanobol should employ a liver protector such as TUDCA Elite to help mitigate adverse effects on liver enzyme levels. Aside from, it’s lack of estrogenic or progesterone related sides and low level of androgenicity makes Nanobol an excellent choice for beginners and the risk adverse.Dosage:
Nanobol is typically dosed at 1 to 1.5ml a day for optimal results./p>Havoc was introduced at practically the same time and considered interchangeable by many. However, it should be noted that even when two products are identical, users can experience different effects depending on the quality of the isomer, manufacturing process and so on. With Havoc it is listed slightly different 2a,3a-epithio-17a-methyl-5a-androstan-17b-ol 2. Effects:
Good for promoting solid, lean muscle gains with a concomitant reduction in estrogen leading to a drier physique, and significant strength gains. This will contribute to the vascularity users typically report. Havoc is also sometimes used purely to combat gynecomastia as they act in the body as an anti-estrogen, so that endogenous testosterone levels are less suppressed by this compound than other prohormones.Side effects:
Less hepatoxic and damaging to lipid levels than other orals but the usual androgenic side effects associated with prohormones remain a possibility.Dosage:
Havoc is usually dosed in the 20-50mg range (2-5 capsules). However, being that it is methylated, we would recommend a maximum dose of 40mg and then, should further Havoc-like gains be sought, it can be stacked with another non-aromatising prohormone but one which is not methylated such as Nano 1T or Trenadrol.Halodrol was introduced to the bodybuilding world by Gaspari Nutrition and is a prosteroid of Turinabol, the banned East German designer steroid. This means it converts to Turinabol once ingested. Although Halodrol is no longer available, there are generic equivalents today such as Fusion Supplements' Halodrol. Effects:
Solid gains in muscle and strength, often taken while dieting to aid preservation of muscle mass.Side effects:
Considered stressful on the liver and can raise blood pressure somewhat in users.Dosage:
The typical dose for products such as Halodrol is 50mg a day, which equates to one tablet daily.Liquidien, which uses an identical compound. Liquidien shares similar characteristics as Tren supplements but is more potent and so will provide greater muscle and strength gains. Effects:
Rapid gain in muscle and strength without any estrogenic side effects as Liquidien does not convert to estrogen. It will lead to an even greater gain in size and strength than comparable oral versions of Liquidien.Side Effects:
Similar to the case for Estrabolan, Liquidien can be quite suppressive on testosterone so a thorough PCT is highly recommended.Nanodrol is by some distance the most potent prohormone ever released with Nanodrol renowned for producing massive gains in strength, muscle mass, and being an active compound does not require any enzymatic conversion. Nanodrol contains the compound methylstenbolone, a compound which was first synthesised by Antaeus Labs in the product Ultradrol and with Nanodrol representing a refinement of Ultradrol by increasing both absorption and results. Readers should be aware that methylstenbolone is a difficult to source compound that is also very expensive with multiple competitor products claiming to contain methylstenbolone being found to actually contain methasterone instead! Indeed, methylstenbolone has a mixed reputation and this is undoubtedly due to brands releasing so-called methylstenbolone products that contain no actual methylstenbolone! Nanodrol remains the first and to date only nanoparticulated version of methylstenbolone and has consistently been tested and shown to match label claims. Not surprisingly, those who have used Nanodrol have frequently noticed far greater results compared to rival brands’ products. Methylstenbolone itself was introduced as an alternative to methasterone when the latter became scheduled in the USA. It shares molecular characteristics with methasterone (doubtless why some brands’ products have resulted in positive tests for methasterone instead of methylstenbolone). Methlystenbolone was first investigated as a potential pharmaceutical by the drug company Searle and studies into it revealed it to be significantly more anabolic than methasterone and with Nanodrol’s nanoparticulated format, it is undoubted that it would be yet more anabolic than methasterone. Effects:
Huge strength and mass gains in a short time as well as notable repartitioning benefits which means many Nanodrol users experience a considerable degree of fat loss along with their lean body mass gains. Resistance to metabolic breakdown further potentiates the positive effects of Nanodrol while its lack of aromatisation favours a dense, granular look to the physique which is further enhanced by its notable thermogenic characteristics.Side Effects:
Notably liver toxic and suppressive, Nanodrol is only for users with multiple prohormone cycles under their belt already and should be used only in conjunction with TUDCA Elite for those seeking to mitigate hepatotoxic effects.Dosage:
As the most potent prohormone around an effective dose can be as little as 0.5ml a day with a maximum dose being 1.5ml. At that dose users can expect incredible improvements in both body composition and performance and for very advanced users seeking to maximise muscle mass, instead of dosing it even higher, the sensible choice would be to stack it with a non-methylated prohormone like Nano 1T or Androtest.Cynostane is a brand new prohormone which features an alteration of the superdrol compound, with a cyno bond instead of the 2a methyl Superdrol bond. Effects:
Cynostane, developed by Anabolic Innovations, is an extremely anabolic compound with remarkably low androgenic action, making it qualitatively similar to the likes of Oxandrolone or Methenolone (Primobolan). It is non-aromatizing meaning it will not produce estrogen mediated side effects and its high degree of anabolic action makes it a favourable choice for athletes concerned with losing body fat while maintaining, or increasing, muscle mass. From feedback to date, Cynostane has very potent recomposition effects making it ideal for athletes and when dieting. If using to bulk up, calories would need to be increased considerably.Side Effects:
Blood work conducted by users shows that Cynostane has a more favourable effect on blood lipids, and liver values than Superdrol itself. Although feedback to date is limited, the combination of low androgenic action, lack of aromatization to estrogen, and low level of general health effects, makes cynostane an intriguing newcomer to the prohormone world. For more on Cynostane check out this article.
Used mainly as a recomposition agent and to promote fat loss, 11-OXO is also a good choice for individuals looking to stack one prohormone with another.Effects:
Although it can cause the same side effects as other prohormones, it is considered very mild in this regard so a good choice for people looking to diet with minimal side effects.Dosage:
It is dosed at between 300-600mg a day with 450mg typical.
M1,4ADD actually has benefits in its own right but it is the fact that it enjoys a conversion rate to Dianabol of around 20% that drives its mass building benefits. While Dianabol converts to estrogen (meaning M1,4ADD will too), steroids that convert to estrogen have long been noted to be the best choices for users seeking mass gains. A little estrogen not only facilitates greater increases in muscle protein synthesis, and strength, it also plays a key role in both mood and libido. As such, M1,4ADD users can expect to enjoy the benefits of both great mass and strength gains as well as an alpha male mentality.Side effects:
Being methylated means M1,4ADD should be used for no more than 4 weeks and ideally with concomitant usage of a liver protector like TUDCA Elite. Furthermore, while the conversion to estrogen is a net benefit for most users, those seeking to avoid potential estrogenic side effects would be wise to keep an aromatase inhibitor to hand such as Alchemy by Hydrapharm or Arimistane by Fusion Supplements.Dosage:
M1,4ADD is typically dosed at a range between 60-150mg a day with the higher doses only recommended for advanced users and those prepared to keep an estrogen blocker on standby.
Trestolone is not methylated and it similarly shares other characteristics with 4-AD such as allowing for some conversion to estrogen as well as being similarly beneficial for supporting mood and libido. In fact, in many ways you can consider trestolone’s benefits to be a close match for those of 4-AD/testosterone but arguably greater. For users seeking to maximise libido and mood on cycle, a trestolone/Androtest stack is the way to go.Side effects:
Trestolone is usually considered to be stronger than testosterone itself but with this comes a reputation for being more suppressive than say Androtest or even testosterone itself.Dosage:
Typical doses of this see users taking between 30-60mg when supplemented orally.
Stanodrol has a reputation for being a good middle of the road choice for intermediate users seeking high quality mass and strength gains that are solid rather than spectacular. Stanodrol is known for building lean mass and also increasing muscle definition while its lack of aromatisation means that estrogenic side effects are not an issue with this compound.Side effects:
Stanodrol is a good choice for those seeking an effective mass builder with minimal side effects. That said, it can still cause androgenic side effects such as lower back pumps and elevated blood pressure which is a good reason to use a good cycle support supplement when running Ultra-Stano.11-Ketotestosterone is a non-suppressive anabolic that should enhance your strength while giving you great pumps. It is based around 11-ketotestosterone, which is primary androgen in fish. It is distinctive in that it tends to lower the cortisol in the body, which is one of the factors for fat gain. As such, XI-KT and 11 KT Spray are both a great alternative for those going on a solid cut. Effects:
11-ketotestosterone is effective in burning fat reserves while putting your body into an anabolic state at the same time. Therefore, burning fat and building muscle simultaneously is no longer an impossible task. 11-Ketotestosterone will allow you to keep the hard earned muscle during your fat loss program while at the same time being able to gain strength. This makes it an ideal choice for recomposition.Side Effects:
Since 11-ketotestosterone is naturally found in fish and thus broadly distributed throughout the animal kingdom, this compound has not been associated with any side effects when taken in the appropriate amounts.Dosage:
Apply 1ml once per day.
The following prohormones are no longer manufactured and there are no legitimate versions of these remaining on sale. We have still listed them for educational purposes.
Pheraplex was a brand name of the supplement company Anabolic Xtreme (AX). This product is also sold by Competitive Edge Labs as P-Plex as well as Phera-Vol by EST. Typically dosed at 20-30mg a day.
Effects: Gains with this product tend to be of a 'wet' nature, in other words, you will see some weight gain due to water retention. Given this, P-Plex is often used to gain mass quickly for users.
Side effects:It is a risk for anyone with gynecomastia based on user feedback (making the use of an estrogen blocker such as Reversitol or Novedex XT mandatory), and is considered to be both hepatoxic and damaging to lipid levels.
Nano Mithras (2,17a-dimethyl-17b-hydroxy-5a-androst-2-ene)
Iron Legion were famous for producing outstanding products and Nano Mithras was one of their most renowned prohormones that promised solid muscle mass and strength gains. However, this product failed to earn a niche for itself in a crowded field so is not currently being made.
Effects: Nano Mithras can lead to dramatic increase in muscle mass, adding almost 5kg in about a week. Mithras Nanoparticles provides better absorption, since it is made of tiny particles between 50 and 800 nanometres, thus being much more effectively digested by the GI tract.
Side Effects: Nano Mithras is methylated prohormone, so we recommend taking this prohormone with some type of cycle support supplement, such as Talos.
Protodrol was introduced by i-Force Nutrition, designed to be a less toxic compound than some of the older prohormones on the market. Daily dosage was 50-75mg a day. It is not currently being sold..
Effects: : Protodrol is considered to be a milder mass builder, with a low incidence of side effects being very favourable on both liver and lipid profiles. As it does not convert to estrogen, Protodrol will impart muscle and strength gains with an absence of water retention. As such it is a very versatile compound which can be used for both bulking, recompositioning and dieting.
Side Effects: : Protodrol was designed specifically to provide a bulking compound with a low risk of side effects so the only side effects you could expect to have would be those associated with all prohormone products.
With its high anabolic to androgenic ratio (300:20) Triumphalis is a prohormone that can stand equal to Superdrol. It is also great for either bulking or cutting, making it a very universal prohormone.
Effects:Triumphalis is an orally effective prohormone that leads to enhanced protein uptake and thus greater muscle growth. On the top of that this prohormone does not aromatize, thus avoiding common problems such excess water retention or side effects such as gynecomastia.
Side Effects:Triumphalis was designed to be a highly anabolic prohormone that enhances the bulking or cutting phase, so the only side effects you could expect to have would be those associated with all prohormone products.
Dosage:Triumphalis is currently no longer made, not proving to be as popular as other prohormones sold at Predator Nutrition.
This product was brought to the market by Bioscience Technologies and is usually dosed at 6-12mg to see results.
Effects: Not a strong bulking product unless doses are pushed high despite its androgenic profile. In this respect it is not dissimilar to AAS such as Masteron and Proviron which are not efficient for bulking.
Side effects: Androgenic side effects such as hair loss are reported quite frequently by users if this product and many users report a damaging effect on libido.
Ergomax LMG (17-methyl-delta-2-etioallocholane & 17-methyl-delta-3-etioallocholane)
Introduced by ALRI, this is another 'wet' prohormone dosed at 20-40mg usually.
Effects: This compound is quite similar to Pheraplex so is useful for someone wanting to gain mass quickly even if the visual appearance of this will not be the best.
Side effects: Can cause gynecomastia making use of an estrogen blocker a wise option, and has a detrimental effect on liver and lipid values, meaning cycles should be kept short.
Along with Nanodrol, M1T vies for the title of the most potent prohormone ever developed. Introduced in the early 2000’s it is arguable that the progressive tendency in the USA to ban prohormones was a direct consequence of this compound in particular.
Effects: A prohormone that was noted to deliver very rapid mass gains in as little as 1-2 weeks, M1T was a favourite for users seeking to kickstart results in a hurry.
Side effects: Being referred to by many as a poison with the side effect of building muscle tells you everything you need to know about why M1T was not a good candidate for anyone seeking to improve their physique despite its anabolic effects. M1T was noted to be both tremendously stressful on the liver as well as causing a high degree of androgenic and estrogenic side effects. Throw in the fact that it was notoriously deleterious to cardiovascular function and we are thankful M1T is no longer available.
Propadrol (12-ethyl-3-methoxy-gona-diene / 6-17 dihydroxyetiocholove-3-ol proponate)
This was developed by EST Nutrition and is usually dosed at 90mg a day.
Effects: Noted to be good for reducing body fat and for promoting rapid strength and muscle gains.
Side effects: Relatively mild with this compound, although those who worry about gyno or androgenic side effects should exercise caution. Tends to be expensive!
ALRI introduced this compound and it is dosed at 3-6mg by most users.
Effects: Reviews are mixed on this product but those who do like it often claim very good muscle and strength gains allied to a reduction in body fat.
Side effects: Being both quite androgenic and estrogenic it should be used with caution and remedies to combat hair loss and gyno. Erase Pro is worth considering.
Max LMG (13-ethyl-3methoxygona-2, 5(10)-dien-17-one)
Yet another product by ALRI.This one is usually dosed at around 100mg a day.
Effects: Max LMG can cause rapid gains in bulk of a wet nature due to its progestogenic nature. It is great for those needing fast weight gain and unconcerned about looking smooth or fat.
Side effects:One to avoid for anyone worried about a quality looking physique, gynecomastia, or hair loss. This is also very expensive! Erase Pro is definitely a smart move to combat estrogenic effects if using Max LMG.
3-AD (2-androstenol acetate)
Anabolic Xtreme formulated this product and brought it on to the bodybuilding market. Usually dosed at around 4-6 capsules a day, 3-AD contains various other nutrients, but the active prohormone is 2-androstenol acetate.
Effects:Effective overall mass gainer. Gains are a little wet, but not too bad for those worried about estrogen.
Side effects:It is not the worst, but estrogenic and androgenic side effects remain a possibility.
Dymethazine, also known as Dimethazine, is a DHT derived compound with an interesting chemical structure. It is essentially a double bonded Superdrol, with an Azine bridge. A relatively recent introduction to the prohormone world by i- Force Nutrition, Dymethazine is a product that has attracted a great deal of interest given its unique chemical structure.
Effects: Users of this compound reported similar effects to those seen in Superdrol.
Side Effects:Although not having any estrogenic action, Dymethazine use poses the same issue of liver toxicity and androgenic effects as other prohormones.
The One (17a-methyl-etioallocholan-17b-ol-3-hydroxyimine)
The One was developed by Applied Nutriceuticals and is a prohormone of Dihydrotestosterone.
Effects:Being a prohormone to DHT, The One can be expected to be notably androgenic, resulting in dry, muscle gains with an absence of water retention and solid gains in strength.
Side Effects:Being that it converts into DHT, The One can be expected to be tough on the hairline as DHT is the hormone most responsible for hair loss. As it does not convert to estrogen or progesterone, side effects related to those should not be an issue. Liver toxicity would remain a concern though and it would be a good idea to take this product with something to support health liver function.
Furazadrol (5a-androstano(2,3-c) furazan-17b-tetrahydropyranol ether - 50mg)
Furazadrol was developed by Axis Labs as an alternative to methylated prohormones such as Havoc or Dymethazine. As a non-methylated compound it will appeal on the grounds of being very safe and is often used by beginners new to prohormones either alone or in a stack with Bold 200.
Effects:Furazadrol has a high anabolic to androgenic ration meaning muscle gains with low risk of androgenic side effects. It does not convert to estrogen meaning gains will be lean in nature, with an absence of water retention.
Side Effects:Although the risk of side effects is low, it is usually required to be dosed in dosages of 200-400mg a day making it quite expensive. Given its otherwise favourable profile it makes an excellent choice for someone looking to stack with another prohormones.
What is best for me?
So here we come to the part where readers ask 'which is the best prohormone to take and when?' It is not possible, nor advisable, to offer specific advice on such a subject. People need to consider their own objectives and risk factors before taking any prohormone. Generally speaking, all we can say is that it is advisable to start with a mild steroid first and keep doses low, typically for 3-4 weeks. For a novice this will still lead to excellent gains. It is critical in our opinion, that an estrogen blocking product should be held ready at the start of a prohormone cycle. Users unworried about estrogen can take it for 3-4 weeks after the end of their cycle. Those concerned about estrogen, should employ it both during and after. In this respect, Havoc makes good choice as it negates the need for an anti-estrogen during the cycle, due to the fact they are inherently anti-estrogenic. Still, even with them, an estrogen blocker should be applied after all cycles with prohormones.
Dietary and Supplement Advice
Assuming a good clean diet is eaten, normally the only advice we would recommend is to increase protein intake to at least 2g of protein per pound of bodyweight. So, for a 200lb individual that would be 400g of protein a day. Given the fact almost all prohormones are oral in nature, we recommend increasing water intake also and employing the use of a liver protectant such as Silymarin and N-acetyl cysteine, along with fish oil dosed at 6g a day. Those who are particularly anal may want to consider taking their prohormones with grapefruit juice. In theory, this will help increase their gains via inhibition of enzymes that break down drugs leading to enhanced absorption.
Given the fact you are taking a powerful prohormone which will rapidly boost muscle mass, training volume should be increased but we recommend limiting the increase in weights. Instead, after your cycle has concluded, given the catabolic environment present post cycle, it is an excellent time to reduce volume and increase the weight which will help preserve your muscle and strength gains whilst keeping cortisol (a hormone indicated in the breaking down of muscle) levels low. A good rule of thumb is to double your normal training volume on cycle and then reducing it to a half of your normal training volume in the first few weeks post cycle while your body gets back to a homeostatic state (normal hormonal environment). So, if you do 10 sets a session normally, go to 20 on prohormones, and then reduce to 5 until your post cycle estrogen blocker has finished its job.
Prohormones are powerful compounds with the ability to impart significant gains in muscle and strength mass. We hope this article has provided some useful information for you to help understand their benefits, applications and how to structure their use within your overall training and dietary plan.